Updated Blood Pressure Guidelines Identify Children With Previously Underestimated Risk

The new blood pressure guidelines have increased the estimated population prevalence of children with elevated blood pressure from 11.8% to 14.2%.

New clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis and management of elevated blood pressure in children identify high-risk populations whose risk was previously underestimated, according to the results of a recent study published in JAMA Pediatrics.

Anthropometric and laboratory risk factors from generally healthy, low-risk children who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys were classified according to both the prior and recently updated clinical blood pressure guidelines. Children whose blood pressure was reclassified upward according to the new guideline were matched with normal blood pressure control patients, and blood pressure percentiles were compared between groups.

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