THURSDAY, July 12, 2018 (HealthDay News) — The underpinnings of autism may lie in an unexpected part of the brain, a small study suggests.
Scientists conducted brain scans on 20 boys with autism and 18 boys without the neurodevelopmental disorder. The scans showed that boys with autism had a significantly flatter surface on the right side of their cerebellum. That side happens to be involved in language processing.
The researchers also found that a flatter cerebellum was associated with differences in thinking abilities and communication, two skills often affected by autism.
But the study did not prove that differences in the cerebellum caused autism.