Managing Food Intake During Pregnancy

  • Before a meal (preprandial/fasting blood glucose level—lower than 95 mg/dl (5.27 mmol/L)
  • One hour after a meal (postprandial/lower than 140 mg/dL (7.77 mmol/L)
  • Two hours after a meal (postprandial/lower than 120 mg/dL (6.66 mmol/L)

Learn all about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of gestational diabetes.  Get more information on how to care for yourself if you have gestational diabetes here.

Qin Yang, M.D., Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor of Medicine, Physiology, and Biophysics at the Center for Diabetes Research in the Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, at the UC Irvine School of Medicine.  He specializes in Endocrinology & Metabolism and Internal Medicine.


  1. American Diabetes Association. “How to Treat Gestational Diabetes.” June 7, 2013. Last updated April 29, 2014.
  2. American Diabetes Association. “Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2016.” Diabetes Care. January 2016. Volume 39, Supplement 1: S1-S112.
  3. DeSisto, C. L., S. Y. Kim, and A. J. Sharma. “Prevalence Estimates of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in the United States, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2007-2010.” Preventing Chronic Disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. June 19, 2014.
  4. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. “Gestational Diabetes.” National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. September 2014. Accessed September 18, 2016.