One in three American adults has prediabetes. If you have prediabetes, you are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes, a serious disease. Many people with prediabetes who do not lose weight or take part in moderate physical activity can develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.
In Sumter and Lake counties, diabetes was the sixth and seventh leading cause of death, respectively, in 2017, according to Florida Health Charts. Type 2 diabetes can lead to serious health problems including heart attack, stroke, blindness and kidney failure.
People are more likely to have prediabetes and type 2 diabetes if they are: 45 or older, overweight, have a family history of type 2 diabetes, are physically active fewer than three times per week, have been diagnosed with gestational diabetes during pregnancy or gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds. Typically, a diagnosis by a physician is given after a few tests are completed. The A1C test is given which provides information about your average blood glucose level over a three-month period. A normal A1C range is below 5.7 percent, prediabetes range is 5.7 to 6.4 percent and diabetes range is 6.5 percent or above.