Eating slowly may encourage weight loss in type 2 diabetes with obesity

Adults with type 2 diabetes who reported “fast” eating speeds had a higher risk for obesity than those who reported eating at “normal” or “slow” speeds, study data show.

Further, switching from a fast to a slow eating pace could help decrease BMI, according to the researchers.

Haruhisa Fukuda, PhD, MPH, and Yumi Hurst, both from the department of health care administration and management at Kyushu University Graduate School of Medical Sciences in Japan, evaluated patient-level information collected between 2008 and 2013 from commercially available insurance claims data and health checkup data on 59,717 Japanese adults with type 2 diabetes to determine effects of changes in eating speed and other lifestyle habits on obesity over 6 years. Among this population, obesity was defined as BMI of at least 25 kg/m2.

The Standard Health Check-up and Counselling Guidance Programme was used as a questionnaire to determine participants’ eating speed and lifestyle habits.

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