Difference between Type One diabetes and Type 2 diabetes explained

HOW DOES IT DIFFER FROM TYPE 2 DIABETES?

People who develop Type 2 diabetes still produce some insulin, but the liver and muscles become resistant to insulin’s ability to move glucose out of the blood and into the tissues.

Type 2 diabetes is primarily a disease of middle-aged and older people and is related to excess weight, diet and lack of physical activity.

About 300,000 adult Kiwis have Type 2 diabetes. Some are insulin dependent and also need to monitor their glucose levels.

IS IT UNUSUAL TO DEVELOP TYPE 1 DIABETES AS AN ADULT?

The National Centre for Biotechnology Information says that while T1 commonly presents in children and adolescents, the condition persists into and can start in adult life. 

According to the medical journal BMJ, in the 30–50 year age group, T1 diabetes accounts for only 13% of all new cases of diabetes. 

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