Published Nov 21, 2017 at 8:00 am
(Updated Nov 20, 2017 at 11:03 pm)
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Although usually diagnosed in children and young adults, it can appear at any age and people need to take insulin every day to stay alive.
Type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance, where the body does not make or use insulin well. The body compensates by producing more insulin, but it cant always produce enough. The strain placed on the beta cells can destroy them. People may need to take insulin because they have low sensitivity to insulin or beta cell failure. It occurs in middle-aged and older people and is the most common type. Risk factors include being over 45, having a family history of diabetes, being overweight, physical inactivity, race, and high blood pressure.
Gestational diabetes, meanwhile, is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy. It occurs if the body cannot produce enough insulin to meet the extra needs in pregnancy.
Although it usually disappears after giving birth, women whove had it are more likely to develop gestational diabetes again in future pregnancies and type 2 diabetes.
Information via www.nhs.uk, www.diabetes.co.uk, www.cdc.gov and www.niddk.nih.gov
Amanda Paulos has struggled with type two diabetes for a decade.
But the 41-year-old said she was getting to grips with the chronic condition after joining a programme designed to reverse the disease.
The mother of four, from Smiths, has lost weight, her average blood sugar readings have dropped and she was able to go off two of her medications.
Ms Paulos said: In October, I had my HbA1c, which is a three-month average blood sugar reading, and I had that go down to 6.2 per cent.