It can also cause heart attack. In fact persons who present with an acute heart attack often have preexisting hypertension that evaded detection and treatment.
It can cause abnormal thickening of heart muscle, the presence of which is a strong predictor of future cardiovascular death.
High blood pressure puts more load on the heart and increases the amount of work that the heart has to do.
Eating right: Eating a heart-healthy diet is important for managing your blood pressure and reducing your risk of heart attack, heart disease, stroke and other diseases. Aim to eat a diet that’s rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grain and high fiber foods, fat free and low fat or 1 % dairy products etc. Avoid saturated and trans fats, excess salt and added sugar in your diet. DASH (Dietary approach to stop hypertension) diet pattern which contains low sodium, high potassium and rich in fruits and vegetables reduces by an average of 5.5 mm Hg for systolic and 3 mm Hg for diastolic blood pressure. For hypertensive patients, the reduction is 11.4 mm Hg for systolic and 5.5 for diastolic blood pressure. Low salt (< 1500 mg/day) further potentiates the reduction of blood pressure.